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OpenStack完整安装手册(CentOS6.2)

【作者:Hadoop实战专家】【关键词:服务 】 【点击:78132次】【2014-02-0】
OpenStack完整安装手册(CentOS6.2) Table of Contents 2 架构部署 3 控制节点安装 o 3.1 前提工作 o 3.2 NTP时钟服务安装 o 3.3 MYSQL数据库服务安装 o 3.4 RABBITMQ消息队列服务安装 o 3.5 PYTHON-NOVACLIENT库安装 o 3.  

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OpenStack完整安装手册(CentOS6.2)

Table of Contents

2 架构部署
3 控制节点安装
o        3.1 前提工作
o        3.2 NTP时钟服务安装
o        3.3 MYSQL数据库服务安装
o        3.4 RABBITMQ消息队列服务安装
o        3.5 PYTHON-NOVACLIENT库安装
o        3.6 KEYSTONE身份认证服务安装
o        3.7 PYTHON-KEYSTONECLIENT库安装
o        3.8 SWIFT对象存储服务安装
o        3.9 GLANCE镜像存储服务安装
o        3.10 NOVA计算服务安装
o        3.11 HORIZON管理面板安装
o        3.12 NOVNC WEB访问安装
o        3.13 KEYSTONE身份认证服务配置
o        3.14 GLANCE镜像存储服务配置
o        3.15 建立GLANCE服务数据库
o        3.16 NOVA计算服务配置
o        3.17 SWIFT对象存储服务配置
o        3.18 HORIZON管理面板配置
o        3.19 NOVNC WEB访问配置
4 计算节点安装
o        4.1 前提工作
o        4.2 NTP时钟同步配置
o        4.3 PYTHON-NOVACLIENT库安装
o        4.4 GLANCE镜像存储服务安装
o        4.5 NOVA计算服务安装
o        4.6 NOVA计算服务配置

1 实验环境
硬件:
DELL R710(1台)
|------+--------------------------------------------------------|
| CPU  | Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5620  @ 2.40GHz * 2                         |
|------+--------------------------------------------------------|| MEM  | 48GB                                                               |
|------+--------------------------------------------------------|
| DISK | 300GB                                                             |
|------+--------------------------------------------------------|
| NIC  | Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme II BCM5716 Gigabit Ethernet * 4   |
|------+--------------------------------------------------------|

DELL R410(1台)
|------+--------------------------------------------------------|
| CPU  | Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5606  @ 2.13GHz * 2                         |
|------+--------------------------------------------------------|
| MEM  | 8GB                                                                |
|------+--------------------------------------------------------|
| DISK | 1T * 4                                                             |
|------+--------------------------------------------------------|
| NIC  | Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme II BCM5709 Gigabit Ethernet * 4   |
|------+--------------------------------------------------------|

系统:
CentOS 6.2 x64

·         Openstack版本:
Essex release(2012.1)

2 架构部署
配置信息
|-------------------+---------------+-------------+-------------|
| Machine/Hostname  |   External IP  | Internal IP | Used for     |
|-------------------+---------------+-------------+-------------|
| DELL R410/Control | 60.12.206.105 | 192.168.1.2 | Control Node|
| DELL R710/Compute | 60.12.206.99  | 192.168.1.3 | Compute Node|
|-------------------+---------------+-------------+-------------|

实例网段为10.0.0.0/24,Floating IP为60.12.206.110,实例网段桥接在内网网卡上,网络模式采用FlatDHCP
控制节点 /dev/sda为系统盘,/dev/sdb为nova-volume盘,/dev/sdc、/dev/sdd为swift存储用

服务器系统安装
1. CentOS 6.2 x64使用最小化安装方式
2. 服务器外网使用eth0
3. 服务器内网使用eth1
4. 所有服务均监听

3 控制节点安装
3.1 前提工作
·         导入第三方软件源
rpm -Uvh http://download.fedoraproject.or ... ease-6-5.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmfor ... 2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm

·         安装依赖包
yum -y install swig libvirt-python libvirt qemu-kvm python-pip gcc make gcc-c++ patch m4 python-devel libxml2-devel libxslt-devel libgsasl-devel openldap-devel sqlite-devel openssl-devel wget telnet gpxe-bootimgs gpxe-roms gpxe-roms-qemu dmidecode git scsi-target-utils kpartx socat vconfig aoetools
rpm -Uvh http://veillard.com/libvirt/6.3/ ... 48-6.el6.x86_64.rpm
ln -sv /usr/bin/pip-python /usr/bin/pip

·         更新内核

通过uname -r 查看原内核版本,应如下:
2.6.32-220.el6.x86_64
yum -y install kernel kernel-devel
init 6

通过uname -r 查看更新后内核版本,应如下:
2.6.32-220.7.1.el6.x86_64

3.2 NTP时钟服务安装
·         安装NTP时钟同步服务器
yum install -y ntp

·         编辑/etc/ntp.conf,将文件内容替换为如下:
restrict default ignore
restrict 127.0.0.1
restrict 192.168.1.0 mask 255.255.255.0 nomodify notrap
server ntp.api.bz
server  127.127.1.0
fudge   127.127.1.0 stratum 10
driftfile /var/lib/ntp/drift
keys /etc/ntp/keys

·         重启ntp服务
/etc/init.d/ntpd start

3.3 MYSQL数据库服务安装
·         安装MYSQL数据库服务
yum install -y mysql-server

·         更改MYSQL数据库服务监听内网网卡IP
sed -i '/symbolic-links=0/a bind-address = 192.168.1.2' /etc/my.cnf

·         启动MYSQL数据库服务
/etc/init.d/mysqld start

·         设置MYSQL的root用户密码为openstack
mysqladmin -uroot password 'openstack';history -c

·         检测服务是否正常启动

通过netstat -ltunp查看是否有tcp 3306端口监听
如果没有正常启动请查看/var/log/mysqld.log文件排错

3.4 RABBITMQ消息队列服务安装
·         安装RABBITMQ消息队列服务
yum -y install rabbitmq-server

·         启动RABBITMQ消息队列服务
/etc/init.d/rabbitmq-server start

·         更改RABBITMQ消息队列服务guest用户默认密码为openstack
rabbitmqctl change_password guest openstack

3.5 PYTHON-NOVACLIENT库安装
·         下载源码包
wget https://launchpad.net/nova/essex ... lient-2012.1.tar.gz -P /opt

·         安装依赖包
yum -y install python-simplejson python-prettytable python-argparse python-nose1.1 python-httplib2 python-virtualenv MySQL-python

·         解压并安装PYTHON-NOVACLIENT库
cd /opt
tar xf python-novaclient-2012.1.tar.gz
cd python-novaclient-2012.1
python setup.py install
rm -f ../python-novaclient-2012.1.tar.gz

3.6 KEYSTONE身份认证服务安装
·         下载源码包
wget https://launchpad.net/keystone/e ... stone-2012.1.tar.gz -P /opt

·         安装依赖包
yum install -y python-eventlet python-greenlet python-paste python-passlib
pip install routes==1.12.3 lxml==2.3 pam==0.1.4 passlib sqlalchemy-migrate==0.7.2 PasteDeploy==1.5.0 SQLAlchemy==0.7.3 WebOb==1.0.8

·         解压并安装KEYSTONE身份认证服务
cd /opt
tar xf keystone-2012.1.tar.gz
cd keystone-2012.1
python setup.py install
rm -f ../keystone-2012.1.tar.gz

3.7 PYTHON-KEYSTONECLIENT库安装
·         下载源码包
wget https://launchpad.net/keystone/e ... lient-2012.1.tar.gz -P /opt

·         解压并安装PYTHON-KEYSTONECLIENT库
cd /opt
tar xf python-keystoneclient-2012.1.tar.gz
cd python-keystoneclient-2012.1
python setup.py install
rm -f ../python-keystoneclient-2012.1.tar.gz

3.8 SWIFT对象存储服务安装
·         下载源码包
wget https://launchpad.net/swift/esse ... /swift-1.4.8.tar.gz -P /opt

·         安装依赖包
pip install configobj==4.7.1 netifaces==0.6

·         解压并安装SWIFT对象存储服务
cd /opt
tar xf swift-1.4.8.tar.gz
cd swift-1.4.8
python setup.py install
rm -f ../swift-1.4.8.tar.gz

3.9 GLANCE镜像存储服务安装
·         下载源码包
wget https://launchpad.net/glance/ess ... lance-2012.1.tar.gz -P /opt

·         安装依赖包
yum install -y python-anyjson python-kombu m2crypto
pip install xattr==0.6.0 iso8601==0.1.4 pysendfile==2.0.0 pycrypto==2.3 wsgiref boto==2.1.1

·         解压并安装GLANCE镜像存储服务
cd /opt
tar xf glance-2012.1.tar.gz
cd glance-2012.1
python setup.py install
rm -f ../glance-2012.1.tar.gz

3.10 NOVA计算服务安装
·         下载源码包
wget https://launchpad.net/nova/essex ... /nova-2012.1.tar.gz -P /opt

·         安装依赖包
yum install -y python-amqplib python-carrot python-lockfile python-gflags python-netaddr python-suds python-paramiko python-feedparser
pip install Cheetah==2.4.4 python-daemon==1.5.5 Babel==0.9.6

·         解压并安装NOVA计算服务
cd /opt
tar xf nova-2012.1.tar.gz
cd nova-2012.1
python setup.py install
rm -f ../nova-2012.1.tar.gz

3.11 HORIZON管理面板安装
·         下载源码包
wget https://launchpad.net/horizon/es ... rizon-2012.1.tar.gz -P /opt

·         安装依赖包
yum install -y python-django-nose python-dateutil python-cloudfiles python-django python-django-integration-apache httpd

·         解压并安装HORIZON管理面板
cd /opt
tar xf horizon-2012.1.tar.gz
cd horizon-2012.1
python setup.py install
rm -f ../horizon-2012.1.tar.gz

3.12 NOVNC WEB访问安装
·         下载源码包
git clone https://github.com/cloudbuilders/noVNC.git /opt/noVNC

·         安装依赖包
yum install  -y python-numdisplay

3.13 KEYSTONE身份认证服务配置
·         建立KEYSTONE服务数据库
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e 'create database keystone'

·         建立KEYSTONE服务配置文件存放目录
mkdir /etc/keystone

·         建立KEYSTONE服务启动用户
useradd -s /sbin/nologin -m -d /var/log/keystone keystone

·         在/etc/keystone建立default_catalog.templates作为KEYSTONE服务服务点配置文件,内容如下:
catalog.RegionOne.identity.publicURL = http://60.12.206.105:$(public_port)s/v2.0
catalog.RegionOne.identity.adminURL = http://60.12.206.105:$(admin_port)s/v2.0
catalog.RegionOne.identity.internalURL = http://60.12.206.105:$(public_port)s/v2.0
catalog.RegionOne.identity.name = Identity Service

catalog.RegionOne.compute.publicURL = http://60.12.206.105:8774/v2/$(tenant_id)s
catalog.RegionOne.compute.adminURL = http://60.12.206.105:8774/v2/$(tenant_id)s
catalog.RegionOne.compute.internalURL = http://60.12.206.105:8774/v2/$(tenant_id)s
catalog.RegionOne.compute.name = Compute Service

catalog.RegionOne.volume.publicURL = http://60.12.206.105:8776/v1/$(tenant_id)s
catalog.RegionOne.volume.adminURL = http://60.12.206.105:8776/v1/$(tenant_id)s
catalog.RegionOne.volume.internalURL = http://60.12.206.105:8776/v1/$(tenant_id)s
catalog.RegionOne.volume.name = Volume Service

catalog.RegionOne.ec2.publicURL = http://60.12.206.105:8773/services/Cloud
catalog.RegionOne.ec2.adminURL = http://60.12.206.105:8773/services/Admin
catalog.RegionOne.ec2.internalURL = http://60.12.206.105:8773/services/Cloud
catalog.RegionOne.ec2.name = EC2 Service

catalog.RegionOne.s3.publicURL = http://60.12.206.105:3333
catalog.RegionOne.s3.adminURL = http://60.12.206.105:3333
catalog.RegionOne.s3.internalURL = http://60.12.206.105:3333
catalog.RegionOne.s3.name = S3 Service

catalog.RegionOne.image.publicURL = http://60.12.206.105:9292/v1
catalog.RegionOne.image.adminURL = http://60.12.206.105:9292/v1
catalog.RegionOne.image.internalURL = http://60.12.206.105:9292/v1
catalog.RegionOne.image.name = Image Service

catalog.RegionOne.object_store.publicURL = http://60.12.206.105:8080/v1/AUTH_$(tenant_id)s
catalog.RegionOne.object_store.adminURL = http://60.12.206.105:8080/
catalog.RegionOne.object_store.internalURL = http://60.12.206.105:8080/v1/AUTH_$(tenant_id)s
catalog.RegionOne.object_store.name = Swift Service

·         在/etc/keystone建立policy.json作为KEYSTONE服务策略文件,内容如下:
{
"admin_required": [["role:admin"], ["is_admin:1"]]
}

·         在/etc/keystone建立keystone.conf作为KEYSTONE服务配置文件,内容如下:
[DEFAULT]
public_port = 5000
admin_port = 35357
admin_token = ADMIN
compute_port = 8774
verbose = True
debug = True
log_file = /var/log/keystone/keystone.log
use_syslog = False
syslog_log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0

[sql]
connection = mysql://root:openstack@localhost/keystone
idle_timeout = 30
min_pool_size = 5
max_pool_size = 10
pool_timeout = 200

[identity]
driver = keystone.identity.backends.sql.Identity

[catalog]
driver = keystone.catalog.backends.templated.TemplatedCatalog
template_file = /etc/keystone/default_catalog.templates

[token]
driver = keystone.token.backends.kvs.Token

[policy]
driver = keystone.policy.backends.simple.SimpleMatch

[ec2]
driver = keystone.contrib.ec2.backends.sql.Ec2

[filter:debug]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.common.wsgi:Debug.factory

[filter:token_auth]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware:TokenAuthMiddleware.factory

[filter:admin_token_auth]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware:AdminTokenAuthMiddleware.factory

[filter:xml_body]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware:XmlBodyMiddleware.factory

[filter:json_body]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware:JsonBodyMiddleware.factory

[filter:crud_extension]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.contrib.admin_crud:CrudExtension.factory

[filter:ec2_extension]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.contrib.ec2:Ec2Extension.factory

[filter:s3_extension]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.contrib.s3:S3Extension.factory

[app:public_service]
paste.app_factory = keystone.service:public_app_factory

[app:admin_service]
paste.app_factory = keystone.service:admin_app_factory

[pipeline:public_api]
pipeline = token_auth admin_token_auth xml_body json_body debug ec2_extension s3_extension public_service

[pipeline:admin_api]
pipeline = token_auth admin_token_auth xml_body json_body debug ec2_extension crud_extension admin_service

[app:public_version_service]
paste.app_factory = keystone.service:public_version_app_factory

[app:admin_version_service]
paste.app_factory = keystone.service:admin_version_app_factory

[pipeline:public_version_api]
pipeline = xml_body public_version_service

[pipeline:admin_version_api]
pipeline = xml_body admin_version_service

[composite:main]
use = egg:Paste#urlmap
/v2.0 = public_api
/ = public_version_api

[composite:admin]
use = egg:Paste#urlmap
/v2.0 = admin_api
/ = admin_version_api

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为keystone的KEYSTONE服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# keystone  OpenStack Identity Service
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: keystone works provide apis to  \
#               * Authenticate users and provide a token \
#               * Validate tokens
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

prog=keystone
prog_exec=keystone-all
exec="/usr/bin/$prog_exec"
config="/etc/$prog/$prog.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/$prog/$prog.pid"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user keystone --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         配置启动脚本:
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/keystone
mkdir /var/run/keystone
mkdir /var/lock/keystone
chown keystone:root /var/run/keystone
chown keystone:root /var/lock/keystone

·         启动KEYSTONE服务
/etc/init.d/keystone start

·         检测服务是否正常启动

通过netstat -ltunp查看是否有tcp 5000和tcp 35357端口监听
如果没有正常启动请查看/var/log/keystone/keystone.log文件排错
·         建立KEYSTONE服务初始化数据脚本keystone_data.sh,内容如下:
#!/bin/bash
# Variables set before calling this script:
# SERVICE_TOKEN - aka admin_token in keystone.conf
# SERVICE_ENDPOINT - local Keystone admin endpoint
# SERVICE_TENANT_NAME - name of tenant containing service accounts
# ENABLED_SERVICES - stack.sh's list of services to start
# DEVSTACK_DIR - Top-level DevStack directory

ADMIN_PASSWORD=${ADMIN_PASSWORD:-secrete}
SERVICE_PASSWORD=${SERVICE_PASSWORD:-service}
export SERVICE_TOKEN=ADMIN
export SERVICE_ENDPOINT=http://localhost:35357/v2.0
SERVICE_TENANT_NAME=${SERVICE_TENANT_NAME:-tenant}

function get_id () {
echo `$@ | awk '/ id / { print $4 }'`
}

# Tenants
ADMIN_TENANT=$(get_id keystone tenant-create --name=admin)
SERVICE_TENANT=$(get_id keystone tenant-create --name=$SERVICE_TENANT_NAME)
DEMO_TENANT=$(get_id keystone tenant-create --name=demo)
INVIS_TENANT=$(get_id keystone tenant-create --name=invisible_to_admin)

# Users
ADMIN_USER=$(get_id keystone user-create --name=admin \
--pass="$ADMIN_PASSWORD" \
--email=admin@example.com)
DEMO_USER=$(get_id keystone user-create --name=demo \
--pass="$ADMIN_PASSWORD" \
--email=demo@example.com)

# Roles
ADMIN_ROLE=$(get_id keystone role-create --name=admin)
KEYSTONEADMIN_ROLE=$(get_id keystone role-create --name=KeystoneAdmin)
KEYSTONESERVICE_ROLE=$(get_id keystone role-create --name=KeystoneServiceAdmin)
ANOTHER_ROLE=$(get_id keystone role-create --name=anotherrole)

# Add Roles to Users in Tenants
keystone user-role-add --user $ADMIN_USER --role $ADMIN_ROLE --tenant_id $ADMIN_TENANT
keystone user-role-add --user $ADMIN_USER --role $ADMIN_ROLE --tenant_id $DEMO_TENANT
keystone user-role-add --user $DEMO_USER --role $ANOTHER_ROLE --tenant_id $DEMO_TENANT

# TODO(termie): these two might be dubious
keystone user-role-add --user $ADMIN_USER --role $KEYSTONEADMIN_ROLE --tenant_id $ADMIN_TENANT
keystone user-role-add --user $ADMIN_USER --role $KEYSTONESERVICE_ROLE --tenant_id $ADMIN_TENANT

# The Member role is used by Horizon and Swift so we need to keep it:
MEMBER_ROLE=$(get_id keystone role-create --name=Member)
keystone user-role-add --user $DEMO_USER --role $MEMBER_ROLE --tenant_id $DEMO_TENANT
keystone user-role-add --user $DEMO_USER --role $MEMBER_ROLE --tenant_id $INVIS_TENANT

NOVA_USER=$(get_id keystone user-create --name=nova \
--pass="$SERVICE_PASSWORD" \
--tenant_id $SERVICE_TENANT \
--email=nova@example.com)
keystone user-role-add --tenant_id $SERVICE_TENANT \
--user $NOVA_USER \
--role $ADMIN_ROLE

GLANCE_USER=$(get_id keystone user-create --name=glance \
--pass="$SERVICE_PASSWORD" \
--tenant_id $SERVICE_TENANT \
--email=glance@example.com)
keystone user-role-add --tenant_id $SERVICE_TENANT \
--user $GLANCE_USER \
--role $ADMIN_ROLE

SWIFT_USER=$(get_id keystone user-create --name=swift \
--pass="$SERVICE_PASSWORD" \
--tenant_id $SERVICE_TENANT \
--email=swift@example.com)
keystone user-role-add --tenant_id $SERVICE_TENANT \
--user $SWIFT_USER \
--role $ADMIN_ROLE

RESELLER_ROLE=$(get_id keystone role-create --name=ResellerAdmin)
keystone user-role-add --tenant_id $SERVICE_TENANT \
--user $NOVA_USER \
--role $RESELLER_ROLE

·         建立KEYSTONE服务数据库结构
keystone-manage db_sync

·         执行初始化数据脚本
bash keystone_data.sh

3.14 GLANCE镜像存储服务配置

3.15 建立GLANCE服务数据库
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e 'create database glance'

·         建立GLANCE服务配置文件存放目录
mkdir /etc/glance

·         建立GLANCE服务启动用户
useradd -s /sbin/nologin -m -d /var/log/glance glance

·         在/etc/glance建立glance-api.conf作为GLANCE-API服务配置文件,内容如下:
[DEFAULT]
# Show more verbose log output (sets INFO log level output)
verbose = True

# Show debugging output in logs (sets DEBUG log level output)
debug = True

# Which backend store should Glance use by default is not specified
# in a request to add a new image to Glance? Default: 'file'
# Available choices are 'file', 'swift', and 's3'
default_store = file

# Address to bind the API server
bind_host = 0.0.0.0

# Port the bind the API server to
bind_port = 9292

# Address to find the registry server
registry_host = 0.0.0.0

# Port the registry server is listening on
registry_port = 9191

# Log to this file. Make sure you do not set the same log
# file for both the API and registry servers!
log_file = /var/log/glance/api.log

# Send logs to syslog (/dev/log) instead of to file specified by `log_file`
use_syslog = False

# ============ Notification System Options =====================

# Notifications can be sent when images are create, updated or deleted.
# There are three methods of sending notifications, logging (via the
# log_file directive), rabbit (via a rabbitmq queue) or noop (no
# notifications sent, the default)
notifier_strategy = noop

# Configuration options if sending notifications via rabbitmq (these are
# the defaults)
rabbit_host = localhost
rabbit_port = 5672
rabbit_use_ssl = false
rabbit_userid = guest
rabbit_password = openstack
rabbit_virtual_host = /
rabbit_notification_topic = glance_notifications

# ============ Filesystem Store Options ========================

# Directory that the Filesystem backend store
# writes image data to
filesystem_store_datadir = /var/lib/glance/images/

# ============ Swift Store Options =============================

# Address where the Swift authentication service lives
swift_store_auth_address = 127.0.0.1:8080/v1.0/

# User to authenticate against the Swift authentication service
swift_store_user = jdoe

# Auth key for the user authenticating against the
# Swift authentication service
swift_store_key = a86850deb2742ec3cb41518e26aa2d89

# Container within the account that the account should use
# for storing images in Swift
swift_store_container = glance

# Do we create the container if it does not exist?
swift_store_create_container_on_put = False

# What size, in MB, should Glance start chunking image files
# and do a large object manifest in Swift? By default, this is
# the maximum object size in Swift, which is 5GB
swift_store_large_object_size = 5120

# When doing a large object manifest, what size, in MB, should
# Glance write chunks to Swift? This amount of data is written
# to a temporary disk buffer during the process of chunking
# the image file, and the default is 200MB
swift_store_large_object_chunk_size = 200

# Whether to use ServiceNET to communicate with the Swift storage servers.
# (If you aren't RACKSPACE, leave this False!)
#
# To use ServiceNET for authentication, prefix hostname of
# `swift_store_auth_address` with 'snet-'.
# Ex. https://example.com/v1.0/ -> https://snet-example.com/v1.0/
swift_enable_snet = False

# ============ S3 Store Options =============================

# Address where the S3 authentication service lives
s3_store_host = 127.0.0.1:8080/v1.0/

# User to authenticate against the S3 authentication service
s3_store_access_key = <20-char AWS access key>

# Auth key for the user authenticating against the
# S3 authentication service
s3_store_secret_key = <40-char AWS secret key>

# Container within the account that the account should use
# for storing images in S3. Note that S3 has a flat namespace,
# so you need a unique bucket name for your glance images. An
# easy way to do this is append your AWS access key to "glance".
# S3 buckets in AWS *must* be lowercased, so remember to lowercase
# your AWS access key if you use it in your bucket name below!
s3_store_bucket = glance

# Do we create the bucket if it does not exist?
s3_store_create_bucket_on_put = False

# ============ Image Cache Options ========================

image_cache_enabled = False

# Directory that the Image Cache writes data to
# Make sure this is also set in glance-pruner.conf
image_cache_datadir = /var/lib/glance/image-cache/

# Number of seconds after which we should consider an incomplete image to be
# stalled and eligible for reaping
image_cache_stall_timeout = 86400

# ============ Delayed Delete Options =============================

# Turn on/off delayed delete
delayed_delete = False

# Delayed delete time in seconds
scrub_time = 43200

# Directory that the scrubber will use to remind itself of what to delete
# Make sure this is also set in glance-scrubber.conf
scrubber_datadir = /var/lib/glance/scrubber

·         在/etc/glance建立glance-api-paste.ini作为GLANCE-API服务认证配置文件,内容如下:
[pipeline:glance-api]
#pipeline = versionnegotiation context apiv1app
# NOTE: use the following pipeline for keystone
pipeline = versionnegotiation authtoken context apiv1app

# To enable Image Cache Management API replace pipeline with below:
# pipeline = versionnegotiation context imagecache apiv1app
# NOTE: use the following pipeline for keystone auth (with caching)
# pipeline = versionnegotiation authtoken auth-context imagecache apiv1app

[app:apiv1app]
paste.app_factory = glance.common.wsgi:app_factory
glance.app_factory = glance.api.v1.router:API

[filter:versionnegotiation]
paste.filter_factory = glance.common.wsgi:filter_factory
glance.filter_factory = glance.api.middleware.version_negotiation:VersionNegotiationFilter

[filter:cache]
paste.filter_factory = glance.common.wsgi:filter_factory
glance.filter_factory = glance.api.middleware.cache:CacheFilter

[filter:cachemanage]
paste.filter_factory = glance.common.wsgi:filter_factory
glance.filter_factory = glance.api.middleware.cache_manage:CacheManageFilter

[filter:context]
paste.filter_factory = glance.common.wsgi:filter_factory
glance.filter_factory = glance.common.context:ContextMiddleware

[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
service_host = 60.12.206.105
service_port = 5000
service_protocol = http
auth_host = 60.12.206.105
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_uri = http:/60.12.206.105:500/
admin_tenant_name = tenant
admin_user = glance
admin_password = service

·         在/etc/glance建立glance-registry.conf作为GLANCE-REGISTRY服务配置文件,内容如下:
[DEFAULT]
# Show more verbose log output (sets INFO log level output)
verbose = True

# Show debugging output in logs (sets DEBUG log level output)
debug = True

# Address to bind the registry server
bind_host = 0.0.0.0

# Port the bind the registry server to
bind_port = 9191

# Log to this file. Make sure you do not set the same log
# file for both the API and registry servers!
log_file = /var/log/glance/registry.log

# Where to store images
filesystem_store_datadir = /var/lib/glance/images

# Send logs to syslog (/dev/log) instead of to file specified by `log_file`
use_syslog = False

# SQLAlchemy connection string for the reference implementation
# registry server. Any valid SQLAlchemy connection string is fine.
# See: http://www.sqlalchemy.org/docs/0 ... chemy.create_engine
sql_connection = mysql://root:openstack@localhost/glance

# Period in seconds after which SQLAlchemy should reestablish its connection
# to the database.
#
# MySQL uses a default `wait_timeout` of 8 hours, after which it will drop
# idle connections. This can result in 'MySQL Gone Away' exceptions. If you
# notice this, you can lower this value to ensure that SQLAlchemy reconnects
# before MySQL can drop the connection.
sql_idle_timeout = 3600

# Limit the api to return `param_limit_max` items in a call to a container. If
# a larger `limit` query param is provided, it will be reduced to this value.
api_limit_max = 1000

# If a `limit` query param is not provided in an api request, it will
# default to `limit_param_default`
limit_param_default = 25

·         在/etc/glance建立glance-registry-paste.ini作为GLANCE-REGISTRY服务认证配置文件,内容如下:
[pipeline:glance-registry]
#pipeline = context registryapp
# NOTE: use the following pipeline for keystone
pipeline = authtoken context registryapp

[app:registryapp]
paste.app_factory = glance.common.wsgi:app_factory
glance.app_factory = glance.registry.api.v1:API

[filter:context]
context_class = glance.registry.context.RequestContext
paste.filter_factory = glance.common.wsgi:filter_factory
glance.filter_factory = glance.common.context:ContextMiddleware

[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
service_host = 60.12.206.105
service_port = 5000
service_protocol = http
auth_host = 60.12.206.105
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_uri = http:/60.12.206.105:500/
admin_tenant_name = tenant
admin_user = glance
admin_password = service

·         在/etc/glance建立policy.json作为GLANCE服务策略文件,内容如下:
{
"default": [],
"manage_image_cache": [["role:admin"]]
}

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为glance-api的GLANCE-API服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# glance-api OpenStack Image Service API server
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: OpenStack Image Service (code-named Glance) API server

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: Glance API server
# Description: OpenStack Image Service (code-named Glance) API server
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=api
prog=openstack-glance-$suffix
exec="/usr/bin/glance-$suffix"
config="/etc/glance/glance-$suffix.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/glance/glance-$suffix.pid"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user glance --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为glance-registry的GLANCE-REGISTRY服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# glance-registry OpenStack Image Service Registry server
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: OpenStack Image Service (code-named Glance) Registry server

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: Glance Registry server
# Description: OpenStack Image Service (code-named Glance) Registry server
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=registry
prog=openstack-glance-$suffix
exec="/usr/bin/glance-$suffix"
config="/etc/glance/glance-$suffix.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/glance/glance-$suffix.pid"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user glance --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         配置启动脚本:
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/glance-api
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/glance-registry
mkdir /var/run/glance
mkdir /var/lock/glance
mkdir /var/lib/glance
chown glance:root /var/run/glance
chown glance:root /var/lock/glance
chown glance:glance /var/lib/glance

·         启动GLANCE-API和GLANCE-REGISTRY服务
/etc/init.d/glance-api start
/etc/init.d/glance-registry start

·         检测服务是否正常启动

通过netstat -ltunp查看是否有tcp 9292和tcp 9191端口监听
如果没有正常启动请查看/var/log/glance目录下相关文件排错

3.16 NOVA计算服务配置
·         建立NOVA服务数据库
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e 'create database nova'

·         建立NOVA服务配置文件存放目录
mkdir /etc/nova

·         建立NOVA服务启动用户
useradd -s /sbin/nologin -m -d /var/log/nova nova

·         在/etc/nova建立nova.conf作为NOVA服务配置文件,内容如下:
[DEFAULT]

debug=True
log-dir=/var/log/nova
pybasedir=/var/lib/nova
use_syslog=False
verbose=True
api_paste_config=/etc/nova/api-paste.ini
auth_strategy=keystone
bindir=/usr/bin
glance_host=$my_ip
glance_port=9292
glance_api_servers=$glance_host:$glance_port
image_service=nova.image.glance.GlanceImageService
lock_path=/var/lock/nova
my_ip=60.12.206.105
rabbit_host=localhost
rabbit_password=openstack
rabbit_port=5672
rabbit_userid=guest
root_helper=sudo
sql_connection=mysql://root:gamewave@localhost/nova
keystone_ec2_url=http://$my_ip:5000/v2.0/ec2tokens
novncproxy_base_url=http://$my_ip:6080/vnc_auto.html
vnc_enabled=True
vnc_keymap=en-us
vncserver_listen=$my_ip
vncserver_proxyclient_address=$my_ip
dhcpbridge=$bindir/nova-dhcpbridge
dhcpbridge_flagfile=/etc/nova/nova.conf
public_interface=eth0
routing_source_ip=$my_ip
fixed_range=10.0.0.0/24
flat_interface=eth1
flat_network_bridge=br1
floating_range=60.12.206.115
force_dhcp_release=True
target_host=$my_ip
target_port=3260
console_token_ttl=600
iscsi_helper=ietadm
iscsi_ip_address=$my_ip
iscsi_num_targets=100
iscsi_port=3260
volume_group=nova-volumes
ec2_listen=0.0.0.0
ec2_listen_port=8773
metadata_listen=0.0.0.0
metadata_listen_port=8775
osapi_compute_listen=0.0.0.0
osapi_compute_listen_port=8774
osapi_volume_listen=0.0.0.0
osapi_volume_listen_port=8776

·         在/etc/nova建立api-paste.ini作为NOVA服务认证配置文件,内容如下:
############
# Metadata #
############
[composite:metadata]
use = egg:Paste#urlmap
/: metaversions
/latest: meta
/1.0: meta
/2007-01-19: meta
/2007-03-01: meta
/2007-08-29: meta
/2007-10-10: meta
/2007-12-15: meta
/2008-02-01: meta
/2008-09-01: meta
/2009-04-04: meta

[pipeline:metaversions]
pipeline = ec2faultwrap logrequest metaverapp

[pipeline:meta]
pipeline = ec2faultwrap logrequest metaapp

[app:metaverapp]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.metadata.handler:Versions.factory

[app:metaapp]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.metadata.handler:MetadataRequestHandler.factory

#######
# EC2 #
#######

[composite:ec2]
use = egg:Paste#urlmap
/services/Cloud: ec2cloud

[composite:ec2cloud]
use = call:nova.api.auth:pipeline_factory
noauth = ec2faultwrap logrequest ec2noauth cloudrequest validator ec2executor
deprecated = ec2faultwrap logrequest authenticate cloudrequest validator ec2executor
keystone = ec2faultwrap logrequest ec2keystoneauth cloudrequest validator ec2executor

[filter:ec2faultwrap]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:FaultWrapper.factory

[filter:logrequest]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:RequestLogging.factory

[filter:ec2lockout]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:Lockout.factory

[filter:totoken]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:EC2Token.factory

[filter:ec2keystoneauth]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:EC2KeystoneAuth.factory

[filter:ec2noauth]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:NoAuth.factory

[filter:authenticate]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:Authenticate.factory

[filter:cloudrequest]
controller = nova.api.ec2.cloud.CloudController
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:Requestify.factory

[filter:authorizer]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:Authorizer.factory

[filter:validator]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:Validator.factory

[app:ec2executor]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.ec2:Executor.factory

#############
# Openstack #
#############

[composite:osapi_compute]
use = call:nova.api.openstack.urlmap:urlmap_factory
/: oscomputeversions
/v1.1: openstack_compute_api_v2
/v2: openstack_compute_api_v2

[composite:osapi_volume]
use = call:nova.api.openstack.urlmap:urlmap_factory
/: osvolumeversions
/v1: openstack_volume_api_v1

[composite:openstack_compute_api_v2]
use = call:nova.api.auth:pipeline_factory
noauth = faultwrap noauth ratelimit osapi_compute_app_v2
deprecated = faultwrap auth ratelimit osapi_compute_app_v2
keystone = faultwrap authtoken keystonecontext ratelimit osapi_compute_app_v2
keystone_nolimit = faultwrap authtoken keystonecontext osapi_compute_app_v2

[composite:openstack_volume_api_v1]
use = call:nova.api.auth:pipeline_factory
noauth = faultwrap noauth ratelimit osapi_volume_app_v1
deprecated = faultwrap auth ratelimit osapi_volume_app_v1
keystone = faultwrap authtoken keystonecontext ratelimit osapi_volume_app_v1
keystone_nolimit = faultwrap authtoken keystonecontext osapi_volume_app_v1

[filter:faultwrap]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack:FaultWrapper.factory

[filter:auth]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack.auth:AuthMiddleware.factory

[filter:noauth]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack.auth:NoAuthMiddleware.factory

[filter:ratelimit]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack.compute.limits:RateLimitingMiddleware.factory

[app:osapi_compute_app_v2]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.openstack.compute:APIRouter.factory

[pipeline:oscomputeversions]
pipeline = faultwrap oscomputeversionapp

[app:osapi_volume_app_v1]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.openstack.volume:APIRouter.factory

[app:oscomputeversionapp]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.openstack.compute.versions:Versions.factory

[pipeline:osvolumeversions]
pipeline = faultwrap osvolumeversionapp

[app:osvolumeversionapp]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.openstack.volume.versions:Versions.factory

##########
# Shared #
##########

[filter:keystonecontext]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.auth:NovaKeystoneContext.factory

[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
service_protocol = http
service_host = 60.12.206.105
service_port = 5000
auth_host = 60.12.206.105
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_uri = http://60.12.206.105:5000/
admin_tenant_name = tenant
admin_user = nova
admin_password = service

·         在/etc/nova建立policy.json作为NOVA服务策略文件,内容如下:
{
"admin_or_owner":  [["role:admin"], ["project_id:%(project_id)s"]],
"default": [["rule:admin_or_owner"]],

"compute:create": [],
"compute:create:attach_network": [],
"compute:create:attach_volume": [],
"compute:get_all": [],

"admin_api": [["role:admin"]],
"compute_extension:accounts": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:pause": [["rule:admin_or_owner"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:unpause": [["rule:admin_or_owner"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:suspend": [["rule:admin_or_owner"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:resume": [["rule:admin_or_owner"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:lock": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:unlock": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:resetNetwork": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:injectNetworkInfo": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:createBackup": [["rule:admin_or_owner"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:migrateLive": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:admin_actions:migrate": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:aggregates": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:certificates": [],
"compute_extension:cloudpipe": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:console_output": [],
"compute_extension:consoles": [],
"compute_extension:createserverext": [],
"compute_extension:deferred_delete": [],
"compute_extension:disk_config": [],
"compute_extension:extended_server_attributes": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:extended_status": [],
"compute_extension:flavorextradata": [],
"compute_extension:flavorextraspecs": [],
"compute_extension:flavormanage": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:floating_ip_dns": [],
"compute_extension:floating_ip_pools": [],
"compute_extension:floating_ips": [],
"compute_extension:hosts": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:keypairs": [],
"compute_extension:multinic": [],
"compute_extension:networks": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:quotas": [],
"compute_extension:rescue": [],
"compute_extension:security_groups": [],
"compute_extension:server_action_list": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:server_diagnostics": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:simple_tenant_usage:show": [["rule:admin_or_owner"]],
"compute_extension:simple_tenant_usage:list": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:users": [["rule:admin_api"]],
"compute_extension:virtual_interfaces": [],
"compute_extension:virtual_storage_arrays": [],
"compute_extension:volumes": [],
"compute_extension:volumetypes": [],

"volume:create": [],
"volume:get_all": [],
"volume:get_volume_metadata": [],
"volume:get_snapshot": [],
"volume:get_all_snapshots": [],

"network:get_all_networks": [],
"network:get_network": [],
"network:delete_network": [],
"network:disassociate_network": [],
"network:get_vifs_by_instance": [],
"network:allocate_for_instance": [],
"network:deallocate_for_instance": [],
"network:validate_networks": [],
"network:get_instance_uuids_by_ip_filter": [],

"network:get_floating_ip": [],
"network:get_floating_ip_pools": [],
"network:get_floating_ip_by_address": [],
"network:get_floating_ips_by_project": [],
"network:get_floating_ips_by_fixed_address": [],
"network:allocate_floating_ip": [],
"network:deallocate_floating_ip": [],
"network:associate_floating_ip": [],
"network:disassociate_floating_ip": [],

"network:get_fixed_ip": [],
"network:add_fixed_ip_to_instance": [],
"network:remove_fixed_ip_from_instance": [],
"network:add_network_to_project": [],
"network:get_instance_nw_info": [],

"network:get_dns_domains": [],
"network:add_dns_entry": [],
"network:modify_dns_entry": [],
"network:delete_dns_entry": [],
"network:get_dns_entries_by_address": [],
"network:get_dns_entries_by_name": [],
"network:create_private_dns_domain": [],
"network:create_public_dns_domain": [],
"network:delete_dns_domain": []
}

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为nova-api的NOVA-API服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# openstack-nova-api  OpenStack Nova API Server
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: At the heart of the cloud framework is an API Server. \
#              This API Server makes command and control of the      \
#              hypervisor, storage, and networking programmatically  \
#              available to users in realization of the definition   \
#              of cloud computing.

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: OpenStack Nova API Server
# Description: At the heart of the cloud framework is an API Server.
#              This API Server makes command and control of the
#              hypervisor, storage, and networking programmatically
#              available to users in realization of the definition
#              of cloud computing.
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=api
prog=openstack-nova-$suffix
exec="/usr/bin/nova-$suffix"
config="/etc/nova/nova.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/nova/nova-$suffix.pid"
logfile="/var/log/nova/$suffix.log"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/nova/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user nova --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config --logfile=$logfile &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为nova-network的NOVA-NETWORK服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# openstack-nova-network  OpenStack Nova Network Controller
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: The Network Controller manages the networking resources \
#              on host machines. The API server dispatches commands    \
#              through the message queue, which are subsequently       \
#              processed by Network Controllers.                       \
#              Specific operations include:                            \
#              * Allocate Fixed IP Addresses                           \
#              * Configuring VLANs for projects                        \
#              * Configuring networks for compute nodes                \

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: OpenStack Nova Network Controller
# Description: The Network Controller manages the networking resources
#              on host machines. The API server dispatches commands
#              through the message queue, which are subsequently
#              processed by Network Controllers.
#              Specific operations include:
#              * Allocate Fixed IP Addresses
#              * Configuring VLANs for projects
#              * Configuring networks for compute nodes
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=network
prog=openstack-nova-$suffix
exec="/usr/bin/nova-$suffix"
config="/etc/nova/nova.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/nova/nova-$suffix.pid"
logfile="/var/log/nova/$suffix.log"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/nova/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user nova --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config --logfile=$logfile &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为nova-objectstore的NOVA-OBJECTSTORE服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# openstack-nova-objectstore  OpenStack Nova Object Storage
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: Implementation of an S3-like storage server based on local files.

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: OpenStack Nova Object Storage
# Description: Implementation of an S3-like storage server based on local files.
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=objectstore
prog=openstack-nova-$suffix
exec="/usr/bin/nova-$suffix"
config="/etc/nova/nova.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/nova/nova-$suffix.pid"
logfile="/var/log/nova/$suffix.log"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/nova/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user nova --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config --logfile=$logfile &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为nova-scheduler的NOVA-SCHEDULER服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# openstack-nova-scheduler  OpenStack Nova Scheduler
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: Determines which physical hardware to allocate to a virtual resource

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: OpenStack Nova Scheduler
# Description: Determines which physical hardware to allocate to a virtual resource
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=scheduler
prog=openstack-nova-$suffix
exec="/usr/bin/nova-$suffix"
config="/etc/nova/nova.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/nova/nova-$suffix.pid"
logfile="/var/log/nova/$suffix.log"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/nova/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user nova --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config --logfile=$logfile &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为nova-volume的NOVA-VOLUME服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# openstack-nova-volume  OpenStack Nova Volume Worker
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description:  Volume Workers interact with iSCSI storage to manage    \
#               LVM-based instance volumes. Specific functions include: \
#               * Create Volumes                                        \
#               * Delete Volumes                                        \
#               * Establish Compute volumes

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: OpenStack Nova Volume Worker
# Description:  Volume Workers interact with iSCSI storage to manage
#               LVM-based instance volumes. Specific functions include:
#               * Create Volumes
#               * Delete Volumes
#               * Establish Compute volumes
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=volume
prog=openstack-nova-$suffix
exec="/usr/bin/nova-$suffix"
config="/etc/nova/nova.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/nova/nova-$suffix.pid"
logfile="/var/log/nova/$suffix.log"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/nova/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user nova --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config --logfile=$logfile &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         配置启动脚本:
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nova-api
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nova-network
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nova-objectstore
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nova-scheduler
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nova-volume
mkdir /var/run/nova
mkdir -p /var/lib/nova/instances
mkdir /var/lock/nova
chown nova:root /var/run/nova
chown -R nova:nova /var/lib/nova
chown nova:root /var/lock/nova

·         配置sudo
在/etc/sudoers.d/建立nova文件,内容如下:
Defaults:nova !requiretty
Cmnd_Alias NOVACMDS = /bin/aoe-stat,                            \
/bin/chmod,                               \
/bin/chmod /var/lib/nova/tmp/*/root/.ssh, \
/bin/chown,                               \
/bin/chown /var/lib/nova/tmp/*/root/.ssh, \
/bin/dd,                                  \
/bin/kill,                                \
/bin/mkdir,                               \
/bin/mount,                               \
/bin/umount,                              \
/sbin/aoe-discover,                       \
/sbin/ifconfig,                           \
/sbin/ip,                                 \
/sbin/ip6tables-restore,                  \
/sbin/ip6tables-save,                     \
/sbin/iptables,                           \
/sbin/iptables-restore,                   \
/sbin/iptables-save,                      \
/sbin/iscsiadm,                           \
/sbin/kpartx,                             \
/sbin/losetup,                            \
/sbin/lvcreate,                           \
/sbin/lvdisplay,                          \
/sbin/lvremove,                           \
/sbin/pvcreate,                           \
/sbin/route,                              \
/sbin/tune2fs,                            \
/sbin/vconfig,                            \
/sbin/vgcreate,                           \
/sbin/vgs,                                \
/usr/bin/fusermount,                      \
/usr/bin/guestmount,                      \
/usr/bin/socat,                           \
/bin/cat,                           \
/usr/bin/tee,                             \
/usr/bin/qemu-nbd,                        \
/usr/bin/virsh,                           \
/usr/sbin/brctl,                          \
/usr/sbin/dnsmasq,                        \
/usr/sbin/ietadm,                         \
/usr/sbin/radvd,                          \
/usr/sbin/tgtadm,                         \
/usr/sbin/vblade-persist

nova ALL = (root) NOPASSWD: SETENV: NOVACMDS
chmod 0440 /etc/sudoers.d/nova

·         配置polkit策略

在/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/建立50-nova.pkla,内容如下:
[Allow nova libvirt management permissions]
Identity=unix-user:nova
Action=org.libvirt.unix.manage
ResultAny=yes
ResultInactive=yes
ResultActive=yes

·         建立NOVA服务数据库结构
nova-manage db sync

·         安装iscsitarget

wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/iscsitarget/files/iscsitarget/1.4.20.2/iscsitarget-1.4.20.2.tar.gz/download -P /opt
cd /opt
tar xf iscsitarget-1.4.20.2.tar.gz
cd iscsitarget-1.4.20.2
make
make install
/etc/init.d/iscsi-target startnetstat -ltnp 查看是否有tcp 3260端口监听
·         建立nova-volumes卷
fdisk /dev/sdb
n
p
1
两次回车
t
83
w
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdb1
vgcreate nova-volumes /dev/sdb1

·         启动NOVA相关服务
/etc/init.d/nova-api start
/etc/init.d/nova-network start
/etc/init.d/nova-objectstore start
/etc/init.d/nova-scheduler start
/etc/init.d/nova-volume start

·         检测服务是否正常启动

通过netstat -ltunp查看是否有tcp 3333、8773、8774、8775、8776端口监听
如果没有正常启动请查看/var/log/nova目录下相关文件排错

3.17 SWIFT对象存储服务配置
·         建立SWIFT服务配置文件存放目录
mkdir /etc/swift

·         建立SWIFT服务启动用户
useradd -s /sbin/nologin -m -d /var/log/swift swift

·         格式化硬盘及挂载
yum -y install xfsprogs
mkfs.xfs -f -i size=1024 /dev/sdc
mkfs.xfs -f -i size=1024 /dev/sdd
mkdir -p /swift/drivers/sd{c,d}
mount -t xfs -o noatime,nodiratime,nobarrier,logbufs=8 /dev/sdc /swift/drivers/sdc
mount -t xfs -o noatime,nodiratime,nobarrier,logbufs=8 /dev/sdd /swift/drivers/sdd
echo -e '/dev/sdc\t/swift/drivers/sdc\txfs\tnoatime,nodiratime,nobarrier,logbufs=8\t0 0' >>/etc/fstab
echo -e '/dev/sdd\t/swift/drivers/sdd\txfs\tnoatime,nodiratime,nobarrier,logbufs=8\t0 0' >>/etc/fstab

·         swift同步相关配置
mkdir -p /swift/node/sd{c,d}
ln -sv /swift/drivers/sdc /swift/node/sdc
ln -sv /swift/drivers/sdd /swift/node/sdd

在/etc下建立rsyncd.conf文件,内容如下:
uid = swift
gid = swift
log file = /var/log/rsyncd.log
pid file = /var/run/rsyncd.pid
address = 192.168.1.2

[account5000]
max connections = 50
path = /swift/node/sdc
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/account5000.lock

[account5001]
max connections = 50
path = /swift/node/sdd
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/account5001.lock

[container4000]
max connections = 50
path = /swift/node/sdc
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/container4000.lock

[container4000]
max connections = 50
path = /swift/node/sdd
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/container4001.lock

[object3000]
max connections = 50
path = /swift/node/sdc
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/object3000.lock

[object3001]
max connections = 50
path = /swift/node/sdd
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/object3001.lock
yum -y install xinetd
sed -i '/disable/s#yes#no#g' /etc/xinetd.d/rsync
/etc/init.d/xinetd start
mkdir -p /etc/swift/{object,container,account}-server

在/etc/swift下建立swift.conf文件,内容如下:
[swift-hash]
swift_hash_path_suffix = changeme

在/etc/swift下建立proxy-server.conf文件,内容如下:
[DEFAULT]
bind_port = 8080
user = swift
swift_dir = /etc/swift
workers = 8
log_name = swift
log_facility = LOG_LOCAL1
log_level = DEBUG

[pipeline:main]
pipeline = healthcheck cache swift3 s3token authtoken keystone proxy-server

[app:proxy-server]
use = egg:swift#proxy
allow_account_management = true
account_autocreate = true

[filter:keystone]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.swift_auth:filter_factory
operator_roles = Member,admin,SwiftOperator

# NOTE(chmou): s3token middleware is not updated yet to use only
# username and password.
[filter:s3token]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.s3_token:filter_factory
service_port = 60.12.206.105
service_host = 5000
auth_host = 60.12.206.105
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_token = ADMIN
admin_token = ADMIN

[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
auth_host = 60.12.206.105
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_uri = http://60.12.206.105:5000/
admin_tenant_name = tenant
admin_user = swift
admin_password = service

[filter:swift3]
use = egg:swift#swift3

[filter:healthcheck]
use = egg:swift#healthcheck

[filter:cache]
use = egg:swift#memcache

在/etc/swift/account-server下建立sdc.conf和sdd.conf文件,内容如下:
–——————sdc.conf——————–
[DEFAULT]
devices = /swift/node/sdc
mountcheck = false
bindport = 5000
user = swift
logfacility = LOGLOCAL0
swiftdir = /etc/swift

[pipeline:main]
pipeline = account-server

[app:account-server]
use = egg:swift#account

[account-replicator]
vmtestmode = yes

[account-auditor]

[account-reaper]

–——————sdd.conf——————–
[DEFAULT]
devices = /swift/node/sdd
mountcheck = false
bindport = 5001
user = swift
logfacility = LOGLOCAL0
swiftdir = /etc/swift

[pipeline:main]
pipeline = account-server

[app:account-server]
use = egg:swift#account

[account-replicator]
vmtestmode = yes

[account-auditor]

[account-reaper]

在/etc/swift/container-server下建立sdc.conf和sdd.conf文件,内容如下:
--------------------sdc.conf--------------------
[DEFAULT]
devices = /swift/node/sdc
mount_check = false
bind_port = 4000
user = swift
log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
swift_dir = /etc/swift

[pipeline:main]
pipeline = container-server

[app:container-server]
use = egg:swift#container

[container-replicator]
vm_test_mode = yes

[container-updater]

[container-auditor]

[container-sync]

--------------------sdd.conf--------------------
[DEFAULT]
devices = /swift/node/sdd
mount_check = false
bind_port = 4001
user = swift
log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
swift_dir = /etc/swift

[pipeline:main]
pipeline = container-server

[app:container-server]
use = egg:swift#container

[container-replicator]
vm_test_mode = yes

[container-updater]

[container-auditor]

[container-sync]

在/etc/swift/object-server下建立sdc.conf和sdd.conf文件,内容如下:
--------------------sdc.conf--------------------
[DEFAULT]
devices = /swift/node/sdc
mount_check = false
bind_port = 3000
user = swift
log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
swift_dir = /etc/swift

[pipeline:main]
pipeline = object-server

[app:object-server]
use = egg:swift#object

[object-replicator]
vm_test_mode = yes

[object-updater]

[object-auditor]

[object-expirer]

--------------------sdd.conf--------------------
[DEFAULT]
devices = /swift/node/sdd
mount_check = false
bind_port = 3001
user = swift
log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0
swift_dir = /etc/swift

[pipeline:main]
pipeline = object-server

[app:object-server]
use = egg:swift#object

[object-replicator]
vm_test_mode = yes

[object-updater]

[object-auditor]

[object-expirer]

·         建立ring
cd /etc/swift
swift-ring-builder account.builder create 8 2 1
swift-ring-builder account.builder add z1-60.12.206.105:5000/sdc 1
swift-ring-builder account.builder add z2-60.12.206.105:5001/sdd 1
swift-ring-builder account.builder rebalance

swift-ring-builder container.builder create 8 2 1
swift-ring-builder container.builder add z1-60.12.206.105:4000/sdc 1
swift-ring-builder container.builder add z2-60.12.206.105:4001/sdd 1
swift-ring-builder container.builder rebalance

swift-ring-builder object.builder create 8 2 1
swift-ring-builder object.builder add z1-60.12.206.105:3000/sdc 1
swift-ring-builder object.builder add z2-60.12.206.105:3001/sdd 1
swift-ring-builder object.builder rebalance

·         设置权限
chown -R swift:swift /swift

·         建立各服务启动脚本

在/etc/swift下建立functions文件,内容如下:
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

swift_action() {
retval=0
server="$1"
call="swift_$2"

if [[ -f "/etc/swift/$server-server.conf" ]]; then
$call "$server" \
"/etc/swift/$server-server.conf" \
"/var/run/swift/$server-server.pid"
[ $? -ne 0 ] && retval=1
elif [[ -d "/etc/swift/$server-server/" ]]; then
declare -i count=0
for name in $( ls "/etc/swift/$server-server/" ); do
$call "$server" \
"/etc/swift/$server-server/$name" \
"/var/run/swift/$server-server/$count.pid"
[ $? -ne 0 ] && retval=1
count=$count+1
done
fi
return $retval
}

swift_start() {
name="$1"
long_name="$name-server"
conf_file="$2"
pid_file="$3"

ulimit -n ${SWIFT_MAX_FILES-32768}
echo -n "Starting swift-$long_name: "
daemon --pidfile $pid_file \
"/usr/bin/swift-$long_name $conf_file &>/var/log/swift-startup.log & echo \$! > $pid_file"
retval=$?
echo
return $retval
}

swift_stop() {
name="$1"
long_name="$name-server"
conf_name="$2"
pid_file="$3"

echo -n "Stopping swift-$long_name: "
killproc -p $pid_file -d ${SWIFT_STOP_DELAY-15} $long_name
retval=$?
echo
return $retval
}

swift_status() {
name="$1"
long_name="$name-server"
conf_name="$2"
pid_file="$3"

status -p $pid_file $long_name
}

在/etc/init.d下建立swift-proxy文件,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          openstack-swift-proxy
# Required-Start:    $remote_fs
# Required-Stop:     $remote_fs
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Swift proxy server
# Description:       Account server for swift.
### END INIT INFO

# openstack-swift-proxy: swift proxy server
#
# chkconfig: - 20 80
# description: Proxy server for swift.

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
. /etc/swift/functions

name="proxy"

[ -e "/etc/sysconfig/openstack-swift-$name" ] && . "/etc/sysconfig/openstack-swift-$name"

lockfile="/var/lock/swift/openstack-swift-proxy"

start() {
swift_action "$name" start
retval=$?
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
swift_action "$name" stop
retval=$?
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

rh_status() {
swift_action "$name" status
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status &> /dev/null
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

在/etc/init.d下建立swift-account文件,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          openstack-swift-account
# Required-Start:    $remote_fs
# Required-Stop:     $remote_fs
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Swift account server
# Description:       Account server for swift.
### END INIT INFO

# openstack-swift-account: swift account server
#
# chkconfig: - 20 80
# description: Account server for swift.

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
. /etc/swift/functions

name="account"

[ -e "/etc/sysconfig/openstack-swift-$name" ] && . "/etc/sysconfig/openstack-swift-$name"

lockfile="/var/lock/swift/openstack-swift-account"

start() {
swift_action "$name" start
retval=$?
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
swift_action "$name" stop
retval=$?
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

rh_status() {
swift_action "$name" status
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status &> /dev/null
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         在/etc/init.d下建立swift-container文件,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          openstack-swift-container
# Required-Start:    $remote_fs
# Required-Stop:     $remote_fs
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Swift container server
# Description:       Container server for swift.
### END INIT INFO

# openstack-swift-container: swift container server
#
# chkconfig: - 20 80
# description: Container server for swift.

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
. /etc/swift/functions

name="container"

[ -e "/etc/sysconfig/openstack-swift-$name" ] && . "/etc/sysconfig/openstack-swift-$name"

lockfile="/var/lock/swift/openstack-swift-container"

start() {
swift_action "$name" start
retval=$?
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
swift_action "$name" stop
retval=$?
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

rh_status() {
swift_action "$name" status
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status &> /dev/null
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         在/etc/init.d下建立swift-object文件,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          openstack-swift-object
# Required-Start:    $remote_fs
# Required-Stop:     $remote_fs
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Swift object server
# Description:       Object server for swift.
### END INIT INFO

# openstack-swift-object: swift object server
#
# chkconfig: - 20 80
# description: Object server for swift.

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
. /etc/swift/functions

name="object"

[ -e "/etc/sysconfig/openstack-swift-$name" ] && . "/etc/sysconfig/openstack-swift-$name"

lockfile="/var/lock/swift/openstack-swift-object"

start() {
swift_action "$name" start
retval=$?
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
swift_action "$name" stop
retval=$?
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

rh_status() {
swift_action "$name" status
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status &> /dev/null
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         配置启动脚本:
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/swift-proxy
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/swift-account
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/swift-container
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/swift-object
mkdir /var/run/swift
mkdir /var/lock/swift
chown swift:root /var/run/swift
chown swift:root /var/lock/swift

·         启动服务
/etc/init.d/swift-proxy start
/etc/init.d/swift-account start
/etc/init.d/swift-container start
/etc/init.d/swift-object start

3.18 HORIZON管理面板配置

****建立KEYSTONE服务数据库
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e 'create database dashboard'

·         配置apache

编辑/etc/httpd/conf.d/django.conf,更改成如下内容:
WSGISocketPrefix /tmp/horizon

WSGIScriptAlias / /opt/horizon-2012.1/openstack_dashboard/wsgi/django.wsgi
WSGIDaemonProcess horizon user=apache group=apache processes=3 threads=10
SetEnv APACHE_RUN_USER apache
SetEnv APACHE_RUN_GROUP apache
WSGIProcessGroup horizon

DocumentRoot /opt/horizon-2012.1/.blackhole/
Alias /media /opt/horizon-2012.1/openstack_dashboard/static


Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None



Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
allow from all


ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/error.log
LogLevel warn
CustomLog /var/log/httpd/access.log combined

mkdir /opt/horizon-2012.1/.blackhole

·         配置HORIZON

在/opt/horizon-2012.1/openstackdashboard/local下建立localsettings.py文件,内容如下:
import os

DEBUG = False
TEMPLATE_DEBUG = DEBUG
PROD = False
USE_SSL = False

LOCAL_PATH = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))

# FIXME: We need to change this to mysql, instead of sqlite.
DATABASES = {
'default': {
'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.mysql',
'NAME': 'dashboard',
'USER': 'root',
'PASSWORD': 'openstack',
'HOST': 'localhost',
'PORT': '3306',
},
}

# The default values for these two settings seem to cause issues with apache
CACHE_BACKEND = 'dummy://'
SESSION_ENGINE = 'django.contrib.sessions.backends.cached_db'

# Send email to the console by default
EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.console.EmailBackend'
# Or send them to /dev/null
#EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.dummy.EmailBackend'

# django-mailer uses a different settings attribute
MAILER_EMAIL_BACKEND = EMAIL_BACKEND

# Configure these for your outgoing email host
# EMAIL_HOST = 'smtp.my-company.com'
# EMAIL_PORT = 25
# EMAIL_HOST_USER = 'djangomail'
# EMAIL_HOST_PASSWORD = 'top-secret!'

HORIZON_CONFIG = {
'dashboards': ('nova', 'syspanel', 'settings',),
'default_dashboard': 'nova',
'user_home': 'openstack_dashboard.views.user_home',
}

# TODO(tres): Remove these once Keystone has an API to identify auth backend.
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_BACKEND = {
'name': 'native',
'can_edit_user': True
}

OPENSTACK_HOST = "60.12.206.105"
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_URL = "http://%s:5000/v2.0" % OPENSTACK_HOST
# FIXME: this is only needed until keystone fixes its GET /tenants call
# so that it doesn't return everything for admins
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_ADMIN_URL = "http://%s:35357/v2.0" % OPENSTACK_HOST
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_DEFAULT_ROLE = "Member"

SWIFT_PAGINATE_LIMIT = 100

# If you have external monitoring links, eg:
# EXTERNAL_MONITORING = [
#     ['Nagios','http://foo.com'],
#     ['Ganglia','http://bar.com'],

#LOGGING = {
#        'version': 1,
#        # When set to True this will disable all logging except
#        # for loggers specified in this configuration dictionary. Note that
#        # if nothing is specified here and disable_existing_loggers is True,
#        # django.db.backends will still log unless it is disabled explicitly.
#        'disable_existing_loggers': False,
#        'handlers': {
#            'null': {
#                'level': 'DEBUG',
#                'class': 'django.utils.log.NullHandler',
#                },
#            'console': {
#                # Set the level to "DEBUG" for verbose output logging.
#                'level': 'INFO',
#                'class': 'logging.StreamHandler',
#                },
#            },
#        'loggers': {
#            # Logging from django.db.backends is VERY verbose, send to null
#            # by default.
#            'django.db.backends': {
#                'handlers': ['null'],
#                'propagate': False,
#                },
#            'horizon': {
#                'handlers': ['console'],
#                'propagate': False,
#            },
#            'novaclient': {
#                'handlers': ['console'],
#                'propagate': False,
#            },
#            'keystoneclient': {
#                'handlers': ['console'],
#                'propagate': False,
#            },
#            'nose.plugins.manager': {
#                'handlers': ['console'],
#                'propagate': False,
#            }
#        }
#}

·         静态化django

编辑/opt/horizon-2012.1/openstack_dashboard/urls.py,在最下面添加如下内容:
if settings.DEBUG is False:
urlpatterns += patterns('',
url(r'^static/(?P.*)$', 'django.views.static.serve', {
'document_root': settings.STATIC_ROOT,
}),
)

python /opt/horizon-2012.1/manage.py collectstatic,选择yes
·         建立HORIZON数据库结构
python /opt/horizon-2012.1/manage.py syncdb

·         重启apache服务
chown -R apache:apache /opt/horizon-2012.1
/etc/init.d/httpd restart

3.19 NOVNC WEB访问配置
·         编辑/etc/nova/nova.conf文件,添加如下内容:
novncproxy_base_url=http://$my_ip:6080/vnc_auto.html
vnc_enabled=true
vnc_keymap=en-us
vncserver_listen=$my_ip
vncserver_proxyclient_address=$my_ip

·         将NOVNC执行程序添加到环境变量中
ln -sv /opt/noVNC/utils/nova-novncproxy /usr/bin/

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为nova-novncproxy的NOVNC服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# openstack-nova-novncproxy  OpenStack Nova VNC Web Console
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: OpenStack Nova VNC Web Console

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: OpenStack Nova VNC Web Console
# Description: OpenStack Nova VNC Web Console
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=novncproxy
prog=openstack-nova-$suffix
web="/opt/noVNC"
exec="/usr/bin/nova-$suffix"
config="/etc/nova/nova.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/nova/nova-$suffix.pid"
logfile="/var/log/nova/$suffix.log"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/nova/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user nova --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config --web $web --logfile=$logfile --daemon &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为nova-consoleauth的控制台认证启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# openstack-nova-novncproxy  OpenStack Nova Console Auth
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: OpenStack Nova Console Auth

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: OpenStack Nova Console Auth
# Description: OpenStack Nova Console Auth
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=consoleauth
prog=openstack-nova-$suffix
exec="/usr/bin/nova-$suffix"
config="/etc/nova/nova.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/nova/nova-$suffix.pid"
logfile="/var/log/nova/$suffix.log"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/nova/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user nova --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config --logfile=$logfile &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         配置启动脚本
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nova-novncproxy
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nova-consoleauth

·         启动GLANCE-API和GLANCE-REGISTRY服务
/etc/init.d/nova-novncproxy start
/etc/init.d/nova-consoleauth start

·         检测服务是否正常启动

通过netstat -ltunp查看是否有tcp 6080端口监听
如果没有正常启动请查看/var/log/nova目录下相关文件排错
4 计算节点安装
4.1 前提工作
·         导入第三方软件源
rpm -Uvh http://download.fedoraproject.or ... ease-6-5.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmfor ... 2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm

·         安装依赖包
yum -y install swig libvirt-python libvirt qemu-kvm gcc make gcc-c++ patch m4 python-devel libxml2-devel libxslt-devel libgsasl-devel openldap-devel sqlite-devel openssl-devel wget telnet gpxe-bootimgs gpxe-roms gpxe-roms-qemu dmidecode git scsi-target-utils kpartx socat vconfig aoetools python-pip
rpm -Uvh http://veillard.com/libvirt/6.3/ ... 48-6.el6.x86_64.rpm
ln -sv /usr/bin/pip-python /usr/bin/pip

4.2 NTP时钟同步配置
·         安装NTP相关命令包
yum -y install ntpdate

·         跟控制节点同步时间并写入硬件
ntpdate 192.168.1.2
hwclock -w

·         将时间同步添加到计划任务
echo '30 8 * * * root /usr/sbin/ntpdate 192.168.1.2;hwclock -w' >>/etc/crontab

4.3 PYTHON-NOVACLIENT库安装
·         下载源码包
wget https://launchpad.net/nova/essex ... lient-2012.1.tar.gz -P /opt

·         安装依赖包
yum -y install python-simplejson python-prettytable python-argparse python-nose1.1 python-httplib2 python-virtualenv MySQL-python

·         解压并安装PYTHON-NOVACLIENT库
cd /opt
tar xf python-novaclient-2012.1.tar.gz
cd python-novaclient-2012.1
python setup.py install
rm -f ../python-novaclient-2012.1.tar.gz

4.4 GLANCE镜像存储服务安装
·         下载源码包
wget https://launchpad.net/glance/ess ... lance-2012.1.tar.gz -P /opt

·         安装依赖包
yum install -y python-anyjson python-kombu
pip install xattr==0.6.0 iso8601==0.1.4 pysendfile==2.0.0 pycrypto==2.3 wsgiref boto==2.1.1

·         解压并安装GLANCE镜像存储服务
cd /opt
tar xf glance-2012.1.tar.gz
cd glance-2012.1
python setup.py install
rm -f ../glance-2012.1.tar.gz

4.5 NOVA计算服务安装
·         下载源码包
wget https://launchpad.net/nova/essex ... /nova-2012.1.tar.gz -P /opt

·         安装依赖包
yum install -y python-amqplib python-carrot python-lockfile python-gflags python-netaddr python-suds python-paramiko python-feedparser python-eventlet python-greenlet python-paste
pip install Cheetah==2.4.4 python-daemon==1.5.5 Babel==0.9.6 routes==1.12.3 lxml==2.3 PasteDeploy==1.5.0 sqlalchemy-migrate==0.7.2 SQLAlchemy==0.7.3 WebOb==1.0.8

·         解压并安装NOVA计算服务
cd /opt
tar xf nova-2012.1.tar.gz
cd nova-2012.1
python setup.py install
rm -f ../nova-2012.1.tar.gz

4.6 NOVA计算服务配置
·         建立NOVA服务配置文件存放目录
mkdir /etc/nova

·         建立NOVA服务启动用户
useradd -s /sbin/nologin -m -d /var/log/nova nova

·         在/etc/nova建立nova.conf作为NOVA服务配置文件,内容如下:
[DEFAULT]
auth_strategy=keystone
bindir=/usr/bin
pybasedir=/var/lib/nova
connection_type=libvirt
debug=True
lock_path=/var/lock/nova
log-dir=/var/log/nova
my_ip=60.12.206.105
ec2_host=$my_ip
ec2_path=/services/Cloud
ec2_port=8773
ec2_scheme=http
glance_host=$my_ip
glance_port=9292
glance_api_servers=$glance_host:$glance_port
image_service=nova.image.glance.GlanceImageService
metadata_host=$my_ip
metadata_port=8775
network_manager=nova.network.manager.FlatDHCPManager
osapi_path=/v1.1/
osapi_scheme=http
rabbit_host=192.168.1.2
rabbit_password=openstack
rabbit_port=5672
rabbit_userid=guest
root_helper=sudo
s3_host=$my_ip
s3_port=3333
sql_connection=mysql://root:openstack@192.168.1.2/nova
state_path=/var/lib/nova
use_ipv6=False
use-syslog=False
verbose=True
ec2_listen=$my_ip
ec2_listen_port=8773
metadata_listen=$my_ip
metadata_listen_port=8775
osapi_compute_listen=$my_ip
osapi_compute_listen_port=8774
osapi_volume_listen=$my_ip
osapi_volume_listen_port=8776
keystone_ec2_url=http://$my_ip:5000/v2.0/ec2tokens
dhcpbridge=$bindir/nova-dhcpbridge
dhcpbridge_flagfile=/etc/nova/nova.conf
public_interface=eth0
routing_source_ip=60.12.206.99
fixed_range=10.0.0.0/24
flat_interface=eth1
flat_network_bridge=b41
force_dhcp_release=True
libvirt_type=kvm
libvirt_use_virtio_for_bridges=True
iscsi_helper=ietadm
iscsi_ip_address=$my_ip
novncproxy_base_url=http://$my_ip:6080/vnc_auto.html

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为nova-compute的NOVA-COMPUTE服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# openstack-nova-compute  OpenStack Nova Compute Worker
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: Compute workers manage computing instances on host  \
#               machines. Through the API, commands are dispatched \
#               to compute workers to:                             \
#               * Run instances                                    \
#               * Terminate instances                              \
#               * Reboot instances                                 \
#               * Attach volumes                                   \
#               * Detach volumes                                   \
#               * Get console output

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: OpenStack Nova Compute Worker
# Description: Compute workers manage computing instances on host
#               machines. Through the API, commands are dispatched
#               to compute workers to:
#               * Run instances
#               * Terminate instances
#               * Reboot instances
#               * Attach volumes
#               * Detach volumes
#               * Get console output
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=compute
prog=openstack-nova-$suffix
exec="/usr/bin/nova-$suffix"
config="/etc/nova/nova.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/nova/nova-$suffix.pid"
logfile="/var/log/nova/$suffix.log"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/nova/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user nova --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config --logfile=$logfile &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         在/etc/init.d/下建立名为nova-network的NOVA-NETWORK服务启动脚本,内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
#
# openstack-nova-network  OpenStack Nova Network Controller
#
# chkconfig:   - 20 80
# description: The Network Controller manages the networking resources \
#              on host machines. The API server dispatches commands    \
#              through the message queue, which are subsequently       \
#              processed by Network Controllers.                       \
#              Specific operations include:                            \
#              * Allocate Fixed IP Addresses                           \
#              * Configuring VLANs for projects                        \
#              * Configuring networks for compute nodes                \

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: OpenStack Nova Network Controller
# Description: The Network Controller manages the networking resources
#              on host machines. The API server dispatches commands
#              through the message queue, which are subsequently
#              processed by Network Controllers.
#              Specific operations include:
#              * Allocate Fixed IP Addresses
#              * Configuring VLANs for projects
#              * Configuring networks for compute nodes
### END INIT INFO

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

suffix=network
prog=openstack-nova-$suffix
exec="/usr/bin/nova-$suffix"
config="/etc/nova/nova.conf"
pidfile="/var/run/nova/nova-$suffix.pid"
logfile="/var/log/nova/$suffix.log"

[ -e /etc/sysconfig/$prog ] && . /etc/sysconfig/$prog

lockfile=/var/lock/nova/$prog

start() {
[ -x $exec ] || exit 5
[ -f $config ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon --user nova --pidfile $pidfile "$exec --config-file=$config --logfile=$logfile &>/dev/null & echo \$! > $pidfile"
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

reload() {
restart
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

rh_status() {
status -p $pidfile $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
exit 2
esac
exit $?

·         配置sudo

在/etc/sudoers.d/建立nova文件,内容如下:
Defaults:nova !requiretty

Cmnd_Alias NOVACMDS = /bin/aoe-stat,                            \
/bin/chmod,                               \
/bin/chmod /var/lib/nova/tmp/*/root/.ssh, \
/bin/chown,                               \
/bin/chown /var/lib/nova/tmp/*/root/.ssh, \
/bin/dd,                                  \
/bin/kill,                                \
/bin/mkdir,                               \
/bin/mount,                               \
/bin/umount,                              \
/sbin/aoe-discover,                       \
/sbin/ifconfig,                           \
/sbin/ip,                                 \
/sbin/ip6tables-restore,                  \
/sbin/ip6tables-save,                     \
/sbin/iptables,                           \
/sbin/iptables-restore,                   \
/sbin/iptables-save,                      \
/sbin/iscsiadm,                           \
/sbin/kpartx,                             \
/sbin/losetup,                            \
/sbin/lvcreate,                           \
/sbin/lvdisplay,                          \
/sbin/lvremove,                           \
/sbin/pvcreate,                           \
/sbin/route,                              \
/sbin/tune2fs,                            \
/sbin/vconfig,                            \
/sbin/vgcreate,                           \
/sbin/vgs,                                \
/usr/bin/fusermount,                      \
/usr/bin/guestmount,                      \
/usr/bin/socat,                           \
/bin/cat,                           \
/usr/bin/tee,                             \
/usr/bin/qemu-nbd,                        \
/usr/bin/virsh,                           \
/usr/sbin/brctl,                          \
/usr/sbin/dnsmasq,                        \
/usr/sbin/ietadm,                         \
/usr/sbin/radvd,                          \
/usr/sbin/tgtadm,                         \
/usr/sbin/vblade-persist

nova ALL = (root) NOPASSWD: SETENV: NOVACMDS
chmod 0440 /etc/sudoers.d/nova

·         配置polkit策略

在/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/建立50-nova.pkla,内容如下:
[Allow nova libvirt management permissions]
Identity=unix-user:nova
Action=org.libvirt.unix.manage
ResultAny=yes
ResultInactive=yes
ResultActive=yes

·         配置启动脚本:
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nova-compute
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nova-network
mkdir /var/run/nova
mkdir -p /var/lib/nova/instances
mkdir /var/lock/nova
chown nova:root /var/run/nova
chown -R nova:nova /var/lib/nova
chown nova:root /var/lock/nova

·         配置MYSQL数据库

在控制节点mysql执行如下语句:
grant all on nova.* to root@'192.168.1.%' identified by 'openstack';

·         启动NOVA相关服务
/etc/init.d/nova-compute start
/etc/init.d/nova-network start

·         更改iptables允许vnc连接
iptables -I INPUT -d 60.12.206.99 -p tcp -m multiport --dports 5900:6000 -j ACCEPT

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街角的风铃2014-09-10 04:28:40
java.io.IOException: Task process exit with nonzero status of 134
Is指尖2014-09-10 05:09:46
都2了
字数有限制2014-09-09 06:47:52
ftp有没有host?有的话我怎么拿到呢
钟翔clockfly2014-09-08 05:30:43
有些东西不结合实际项目,很难理解透。
xuyuantree2014-09-08 03:17:28
请教一个问题,我的flume日志出现了一些错误信息:
 
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